Wood Types

Wood type: Ash

Distribution: Eastern United States

Description: The sapwood is light-colored to nearly white and the heartwood varies from grayish of light brown, to pal yellow streaked with brown.










Wood type: Walnut

Distribution: Eastern United States

Description: The sapwood is creamy white, while the heartwood is light brown to dark chocolate brown, occasionally with a purplish cast and darker streaks.  The wood is generally straight-grained; sometimes with wavy or curly grain that produces an attractive and decorative figure.









Wood type: Cherry

Distribution: Midwestern and Eastern United States

Description: The heartwood of cherry varies from rich red to reddish brown and will darken with age and on exposure to light.  In contrast, the sapwood is creamy white.  The wood has straight-grain, a fine, uniform, satiny and smooth texture, and naturally may contain brown pith flecks and small gum pockets.








Wood type: Soft Maple

Distribution: Eastern United States

Description: Soft maple is very similar to hard maple in most respects.  Generally, the sapwood is greyish-white, sometimes with darker-colored pith flecks.  The heartwood varies from light-to-dark reddish brown.  The wood is usually straight-grained.  









Wood type: White Oak

Distribution: Eastern United States

Description: The sapwood is light-colored and the heartwood is light-to-dark brown.  White oak is mostly straight-grained with a medium-to-coarse texture.  











Wood type: Southern Yellow Pine

Distribution: Eastern United States

Description: The heartwood is reddish brown, wide sapwood is yellowish white.